A stroke is also called a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and occurs when blood supply to and/or in
the brain is disrupted, causing brain cells to die. Ischaemic strokes are characterised by insufficient
supply of blood to the brain and hemorrhagic strokes are characterised by bleeding inside the brain.
A stroke is also called a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and occurs when blood supply to and/or in the
brain is disrupted, causing brain cells to die. Strokes may cause temporary or permanent disabilities. The severity of the disability depends on how long the brain had been deprived of blood and which part of the brain was affected. As with any brain injury, the success of treatment varies from one person to the next.
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is a Chronic Autoimmune Neuromuscular condition that causes weakness in certain
muscles of the body. MG is caused by an error in the transmission of nerve impulses to the muscles.
In MG the immune system makes antibodies that mistakenly attack the connections between nerves and
muscles preventing muscles from contracting and resulting in weakness.
Head injuries include any trauma, minor or serious, to the scalp, skull or brain. They can be closed or open (penetrating). A closed head injury means that the skull did not break (fracture); an open head injury means that the skull and a foreign object (such as skull bone) entered the brain.
Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal,
causing convulsions or seizures or periods of unusual behaviour, sensations, and at times loss of awareness.
It is important to remember that having a convulsion or seizure does not mean that you have epilepsy.
Epilepsy occurs when two or more epileptic seizures occur unprovoked by any immediately identifiable cause. The seizures must take place more than 24 hours apart.
Dystonia is a neurological condition characterised by involuntary and sustained muscle spasms as a result of incorrect signals from the brain. These muscle spasms tend to force affected parts of the body into abnormal movements or postures. The condition may affect speech, sight and mobility but not intellect. Living with dystonia can be painful and debilitating, as well as embarrassing and stigmatising.
Brain tumours are included in the Prescribed Minimum Benefits (PMB) regulations as one of the Diagnostic Treatment Pairs. This article will provide information on the condition and treatment types and ends with a brief general guide on how treatment will be funded according to the PMB Regulations.